In general, there are two distinct classifications:
- Gingivitis, or the inflammation/infection of the gums that has not resulted in the loss of bone.
- Periodontitis, which results in inflammation/infection of the gum, but also includes loss of bone.
Conventionally, we have graded periodontitis as being mild, moderate, or severe. Typical signs of periodontal disease include the following:
- Gums that bleed spontaneously or during brushing
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Gums that have receded from the teeth
- Persistent halitosis/bad breath
- Pus between the teeth and gums sometimes creating a bad taste or odor
- Loose teeth
- Teeth that have migrated or changed positions
- A change in your occlusion/bite
Interestingly sometimes none
of these signs are present, and one will still have a significant
problem of periodontal disease. Please click here
to view the Consumer section of the American Academy of Periodontology
website to see causes of gum disease.